Publications

These publications are examples of research made possible with data from CanPath and its regional cohorts.

2020

The Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds: How well does it reflect the Canadian population?

Authors: Ruth E. Hall, Natasa Tusevljak, C. Fangyun Wu, Quazi Ibrahim, Karleen Schulze, Anam M. Khan, Dipika Desai, Philip Awadalla, Philippe Broet, Trevor J.B. Dummer, Jason Hicks, Jean-Claude Tardif, Koon K. Teo, Jennifer Vena, Douglas Lee, Matthias Friedrich, Sonia S. Anand, Jack V. Tu

The representativeness of the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM-HSR) cohort was evaluated by comparing to region matched respondents of the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey Rapid Response module (CCHS-RR). CAHHM-HSR participants were older, more often women, more likely Chinese, and had higher education, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and cardiac testing than the general Canadian population. Despite these differences, the INTERHEART risk score was similar.

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2020

Portable X-ray Fluorescence of Zinc Applied to Human Toenail Clippings

Authors: David E.B.Fleming, Samantha L. Crook, Colby T. Evans, Michel N. Nader, Manuel Atia, Jason M. T. Hicks, Ellen Sweeney, Christopher R. McFarlane, Jong Sung Kim, Erin Keltie, Anil Adisesh

The purpose of this study was to see if it was feasible to measure the zinc levels in the fingernails of people. They used an x-ray fluorescence to measure how much zinc was present in the nails. It was found that the latter was very sensitive at detecting zinc in the nail and would be able to measure fluctuating levels of zinc as time went on.

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2020

Burden of multimorbidity and polypharmacy among cancer survivors: a population-based nested case–control study

Authors: Melanie Keats, Yunsong Cui, Vanessa DeClerq, Scott Grandy, Ellen Sweeney, Trevor Dummer

The purpose of this study was to investigate if adult cancer survivors showed more than one comorbidity while taking medications. The article found multimorbities in 53% of cancer survivors. Those on multiple medications showed much higher results.

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2020

Long-term exposure to a mixture of industrial SO 2, NO 2, and PM 2.5 and anti-citrullinated protein antibody positivity

Authors: Naizhou Zhao, Audrey Smagiassi, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Ines Colmegna, Marie Hudson, Marvin Fritzler, Philip Awadalla, Sasha Bernatsky

The research team looked at exposures to SO2, NO2, and fine particles matter on anti-citrullinated protein antibodies, a characteristic biomarker for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It was found that there was a positive correlation between ACPA and industrial emissions of PM2.5 and SO2.

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2020

Co-consumption of Vegetables and Fruit, Whole Grains, and Fiber Reduces the Cancer Risk of Red and Processed Meat in a Large Prospective Cohort of Adults from Alberta’s Tomorrow Project

Authors: Katerina Maximova, Elham Khodayari Moez, Julia Dabravolskaj, Alexa Ferdinands, Irina Dinu, Geraldine Siou, Ala Al Rajabi, Paul Veugelers

This study examined whether co-consumption of red and processed meat with key foods items and food constituents recommended for cancer prevention (vegetables and fruit, whole grains, and fiber) mitigates cancer incidence.

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2020

Association between lifestyle behaviors and frailty in Atlantic Canadian males and females

Authors: Vanessa DeClerq, Todd Duhamel, Olga Teou, Scott Kehler

The aim of this study was to identify lifestyle factors in males and females that are associated with a degree of frailty in a Canadian cohort. Higher frailty was more prevalent among participants with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors related to smoking, alcohol consumption, sedentary and physical activity level, diet, and sleep.

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2020

Premature Mortality due to Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, and Leukemia in Canada: A Nationwide Analysis from 1980 to 2015

Authors: Truong-Minh Pham, Grace Shen-Tu, Khanh Hoa Nguyen, Shuang Lu, Douglas Dover, Peter Duggan, Lorraine Shack, Winson Cheung

This study used a novel measure of average lifespan shortened (ALSS) to examine trends in premature mortality caused by hematological cancers in Canada from 1980 to 2015. Results from this study showed that patients with hematological cancers experienced prolonged survival over a 35-year period although the magnitude of these lifespan gains varied by types of hematological cancers.

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2020

Perceived susceptibility to developing cancer and screening for colorectal and prostate cancer: A longitudinal analysis of Alberta’s Tomorrow Project

Authors: Meghan Gilfoyle, Ashok Chaurasia, John Garcia, Mark Oremus

This study looked at ATP participants screened between 2000-2008 to assess the association between perceived susceptibility of developing cancer and being screened via sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy and prostate-specific antigen. Findings suggest health promotion can focus on targeting and heightening personal perceived susceptibility of developing cancer in jurisdictions with low screening rates for colorectal or prostate cancer.

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2020

Association between depressive symptoms, metabolic risk factors, and cognitive function: cross-sectional results from a community study in Quebec, Canada

Authors: Floriana Ferri, Sonya Deschenes, Niamh Power, Nobert Schmitz

This study investigated the cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and metabolic risk factors with cognitive function in a middle-aged population. They found that comorbidity of depressive symptoms and MetD was associated with reduced cognitive performance in middle-aged adults without diabetes.

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2020

Associations between the neighbourhood characteristics and body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio: Findings from Alberta’s Tomorrow Project

Authors: Vikram Nichani, Liam Turley, Jennifer Vena, Gavin McCormack

This study estimated the associations between neighbourhood characteristics and self-reported body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) risk categories among Canadian men and women.

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