Diabetes, Brain Infarcts, Cognition and Small Vessels in the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds Study
The CAHHM study collected brain and carotid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and two cognitive tests (DSST and MoCA) in a cross-sectional sample of 7,733 men and women. It was concluded that small vessel disease characterizes much of the relationship between diabetes and vascular brain injury. However, additional factors are required to disentangle the relationship between diabetes and cognitive impairment.
The Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds: How well does it reflect the Canadian population?
The representativeness of the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM-HSR) cohort was evaluated by comparing to region matched respondents of the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey Rapid Response module (CCHS-RR). CAHHM-HSR participants were older, more often women, more likely Chinese, and had higher education, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and cardiac testing than the general Canadian population. Despite these differences, the INTERHEART risk score was similar.
Reduced Cognitive Assessment Scores Among Individuals With Magnetic Resonance Imaging–Detected Vascular Brain Injury
This study investigated if scores on a cognitive screen were lower in individuals with higher cardiovascular risk, and those with covert vascular brain injury. Among a middle-aged community-dwelling population, scores on a cognitive screen were lower in individuals with higher cardiovascular risk factors or MRI vascular brain injury. Much of the population attributable risk of low cognitive scores can be attributed to lower educational attainment, higher cardiovascular risk factors, and MRI vascular brain injury.
Diet Quality among Cancer Survivors and Participants without Cancer: A Population-Based, Cross-Sectional Study in the Atlantic Partnership for Tomorrow’s Health Project
This study investigated the diet quality of cancer survivors relative to participants without cancer, overall and by cancer site and time from diagnosis. It found that there was considerable room for dietary improvement regardless of cancer status, highlighting the need for dietary interventions, especially among cancer survivors, who are at higher risk for secondary health problems.
Harmonization of the Health and Risk Factor Questionnaire data of the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project: a descriptive analysis
This paper describes how data is harmonized the health and risk factor questionnare and provides an overview of information required to use the core data that has been created. The reason for the harmonization is to have a unique data set including data on health and risk factors from over 307000 Canadians.
Metabolic profiling of adherence to diet, physical activity and body size recommendations for cancer prevention
This study examined cross-sectional associations between metabolites and cancer preventive behaviors as well as the relevance to cancer-related pathways among 120 participants with no history of smoking or cancer. Cancer preventive behaviors were associated with complex metabolic signatures, including alterations in pathways known to be involved in cancer pathogenesis.
Cohort Profile: The British Columbia Generations Project (BCGP)
29850 people in BC were surveyed between the ages of 35-69. Information such as health and lifestyle, physical measurements, biosamples, and genotyping were done.
The Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project: a pan-Canadian platform for research on chronic disease prevention
In order to understand the risk factors for disease, participants across the study were recruited across 5 provinces. Body samples and physical information was collected from these people. They then harmonized this data. The hope out of this paper was that the samples afford strides in research both nationally nad internationally.
Plasma-Derived Inflammatory Proteins Predict Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
This study looked at a multiplex approach to screen plasma derived biomarkers and to examine the association of proteins with throat cancer. They looked at 260 plasma samples and they screened 82 biomarkers to look for disease.
The author who wasn’t there? Fairness and attribution in publications following access to population biobanks
This study conducted a document analysis that looked at publication ethics and authorship with population biobanks. In their findings, they reported a 3-step approach: 1) the biobank should be given proper acknowledgement 2) co-authorship should be encouraged to foster colloboration amongst researchers 3) referencing/citiations should be readily available