Publications

These publications are examples of research made possible with data from CanPath and its regional cohorts.

2022

Arsenic Speciation and Metallomics Profiling of Human Toenails as a Biomarker to Assess Prostate Cancer Cases: Atlantic PATH Cohort Study

Authors: Erin Keltie, Kalli M Hood, Yunsong Cui, Ellen Sweeney, Gabriela Ilie, Anil Adisesh, Trevor Dummer, Veni Bharti, Jong Sung Kim

This study aimed to characterize arsenic species and metallome profiles in toenails and urine samples, compare these profiles between prostate cancer cases and controls, and evaluate the utility of toenail and urine biomarkers. Toenails were found to be viable biomarkers for altered arsenic speciation in prostate cancer cases.

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2022

Substituting bouts of sedentary behavior with physical activity: adopting positive lifestyle choices in people with a history of cancer

Authors: Lee Ingle, Samantha Ruilova, Yunsung Cui, Vanessa DeClercq, Ellen Sweeney, Zhijie Michael Yu, Cynthia C Forbes

This study aimed to determine the association between substituting sitting time with other daily activities and changes in waist circumference amongst people with cancer history. The researchers found that small changes to minimize their sitting time help reduce waist circumference, possibly offsetting other adverse health outcomes.

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2022

Applying Machine Learning to Arsenic Species and Metallomics Profiles of Toenails to Evaluate Associations of Environmental Arsenic with Incident Cancer Cases

Authors: Sheida Majouni, Jong Sung Kim, Ellen Sweeney, Erin Keltie, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi

This preliminary study aimed to understand the association between environmental metal pathogenicity and carcinogenicity and prostate cancer. Researchers used toenails to capture arsenic exposure!

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2022

Analysis of human serum and urine for tentative identification of potentially carcinogenic pesticide-associated N-nitroso compounds using high-resolution mass spectrometry

Authors: Crystal L. Sweeney, Nathan K. Smith, Ellen Sweeney, Alejandro M. Cohen, Jong Sung Kim

Using data from 64 Atlantic PATH participants, this study marks the first biomonitoring investigation of PANN compounds in human serum and urine. A majority of the participants were found to have been exposed to some nitrosatable pesticides and potentially carcinogenic PANN compounds.

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2022

Lifestyle factors and lung cancer risk among never smokers in the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow’s Health (CanPath)

Authors: Rachel Murphy, Maryam Darvishian, Jia Qi, Yixian Chen, Quincy Chu, Jennifer Vena, Trevor J B Dummer, Nhu Le, Ellen Sweeney, Vanessa DeClercq, Scott A Grandy, Melanie R Keats, Yunsong Cui, Philip Awadalla, Darren R Brenner, Parveen Bhatti

Data from 950 CanPath participants were analyzed to understand why 15-25% of lung cancers occur in never smokers. Researchers found a link between lung cancer risk, sleep, and fruit and vegetable intake amongst never smokers.

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2022

Toenail speciation biomarkers in arsenic-related disease: a feasibility study for investigating the association between arsenic exposure and chronic disease

Authors: Nathan Kyle Smith, Erin Keltie, Ellen Sweeney, Swarna Weerasignhe, Kathleen MacPherson, Jong Sung Kim

With data from 60 Atlantic PATH participants, this study aimed to develop a method to analyze arsenic in toenails, distinguish arsenic speciation profiles in those with chronic diseases, and assess the novel method’s feasibility to find speciation pattern differences between the disease groups. This is the first study to describe arsenic speciation patterns in those with arsenic-related diseases using toenails!

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2021

Investigation of the impact of commonly used medications on the oral microbiome of individuals living without major chronic conditions

Authors: Vanessa DeClercq, Jacob T. Nearing, Morgan G. I. Langille

Saliva samples from 1,214 Atlantic PATH participants were analyzed for gene sequencing and microbial community composition differences, particularly between non-, single-, and multi-drug users. Researchers found a minimal influence of the analyzed medications on the salivary microbiome for those with chronic conditions.

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2021

Analysis of human serum and urine for tentative identification of potentially carcinogenic pesticide-associated N-nitroso compounds using high-resolution mass spectrometry

Authors: Crystal L. Sweeney, Nathan K. Smith, Ellen Sweeney, Alejandro M. Cohen, Jong Sung Kim

Researchers aimed to analyze serum in and urine samples from 32 Atlantic PATH participants to determine differences in pesticide-related exposure biomarkers and specific biomarkers of concern. The results of this study will lead to strategies for future biomonitoring.

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2021

The association between mental health and shift work: Findings from the Atlantic PATH study

Authors: Ellen Sweeney, Yunsong Cui, Zhijie Michael Yu, Trevor J. B. Dummer, Vanessa DeClercq, Cynthia Forbes, Scott A. Grandy, Melanie R. Keats, Anil Adisesh

Researchers studied the relationship between mental health and shift work amongst 12,413 Atlantic PATH participants, including 4,155 shift workers and 8,258 non-shift workers. They found that shift workers were more likely to have increased rates of depression and poor self-rated health, as well as depressive and anxiety symptom scores compared to non-shift workers.

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2021

Post-Treatment Adverse Health Correlates among Prostate Cancer Survivors in a Sample of Men Residing in Atlantic Canada

Authors: Gabriela Ilie, Robert Rutledge, Ellen Sweeney

A cross-sectional analysis was conducted on a subsample of 632 male participants aged 36–69 the Atlantic PATH. The primary outcomes were the presence of mild, moderate or severe depression or anxiety indicators and were assessed using the seven-item generalized anxiety disorder (GAD-7) scale and the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively.

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